(In compliance with the Republic Act 9485 of the Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007 passed in order to improve efficiency in the delivery of government service to the public by reducing bureaucratic red tape, preventing graft and corruption, and providing penalties therefore.)



Republic Act 8371, otherwise known as "The indigenous Peoples Right Act of 1997", created on October 29, 1997, the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples, as the primary government agency responsible for the formulation and implementation of policies, plan and programs to promote and protect the rights and well-being of the Indigenous Cultural Communities / Indigenous Peoples and the recognition of their ancestral domains as well as their rights thereto.



The NCIP shall be an independent agency under the Office of the President and shall be composed of seven (7) Commissioners belong to ICCs/IPs, one (1) of whom shall be the Chairperson. The Commissioners shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines from a list of recommendees submitted by authentic ICCs/IPs: Provided, The seven (7) Commissioners shall be appointed specifically from each of the following ethnographic areas: Region I and the Cordilleras; Region II; the rest of Luzon; Island Groups including Mindoro, Palawan, Panay and the rest of Visayas; Northern and Western Mindanao; Southern and Eastern Mindanao; and Central Mindanao; Provided that at least two (2) of the seven (7) shall be women.


Power and Functions 

SEC. 44. Powers and Functions. - To accomplish its mandate, the NCIP shall have the following powers, jurisdiction and function:

  1. To serve as the primary government agency through which ICCs/IPs can seek government assistance and as the medium, through which such assistance may be extended;
  2. To review and assess the conditions of ICCs/IPs including existing laws and policies pertinent thereto and to propose relevant laws and policies to address their role in national development;
  3. To formulate and implement policies, plans, programs and projects for the economic, social and cultural development of the ICCs/IPs and to monitor the implementation thereof;
  4. To request and engage the services and support of experts from other agencies of government or employ private experts and consultants as may be required in the pursuit of its objectives;
  5. To issue certificate of ancestral land/domain title;
  6. Subject to existing laws, to enter into contracts, agreements, or arrangement, with government or private agencies or entities as may be necessary to attain the objectives of this Act, and subject to the approval of the President, to obtain loans from government lending institutions and other lending institutions to finance its programs;
  7. To negotiate for funds and to accept grants, donations, gifts and/or properties in whatever form and from whatever source, local and international, subject to the approval of the President of the Philippines, for the benefit of ICCs/IPs and administer the same in accordance with the terms thereof; or in the absence of any condition, in such manner consistent with the interest of ICCs/IPs as well as existing laws;
  8. To coordinate development programs and projects for the advancement of the ICCs/IPs and to oversee the proper implementation thereof;
  9. To convene periodic conventions or assemblies of IPs to review, assess as well as propose policies or plans;
  10. To advise the President of the Philippines on all matters relating to the ICCs/IPs and to submit within sixty (60) days after the close of each calendar year, a report of its operations and achievements;
  11. To submit to Congress appropriate legislative proposals intended to carry out the policies under this Act;
  12. To prepare and submit the appropriate budget to the Office of the President;
  13. To issue appropriate certification as a pre-condition to the grant of permit, lease, grant, or any other similar authority for the disposition, utilization, management and appropriation by any private individual, corporate entity or any government agency, corporation or subdivision thereof on any part or portion of the ancestral domain taking into consideration the consensus approval of the ICCs/IPs concerned;
  14. To decide all appeals from the decisions and acts of all the various offices within the Commission;
  15. To promulgate the necessary rules and regulations for the implementation of this Act;
  16. To exercise such other powers and functions as may be directed by the President of the Republic of the Philippines; and
  17. To represent the Philippine ICCs/IPs in all international conferences and conventions dealing with indigenous peoples and other related concerns.